Several of these PIMs are available without a prescription.This article will review some OTC PIMs that are commonly used by older adults.As a person ages their total body water decreases while their relative percentage of body fat increases.These changes affect how some drugs are distributed in the body.
As we age, our bodies undergo physiologic changes that affect how medications are absorbed, distributed, metabolized, and eliminated.
These changes often make elderly patients more sensitive to the effects of medications.
However, there are criteria that can help practitioners reduce the risk of patient harm by guiding more appropriate drug selection in the elderly commonly known as the Beers Criteria.
The application of the Beers criteria and other tools for identifying potentially inappropriate medication use will continue to enable providers to plan interventions for decreasing both drug-related costs and overall costs and thus minimize drug-related problems.
Marty Eng, Pharm D, CGP, FASCP Clinical Assistant Professor The University of Kansas School of Pharmacy Kansas City, Kansas Associate, Theo and Alfred M.